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Daily History

April 23 1564 and 1616 Birth and Death of William Shakespeare


On April 23rd 1564,  the great English dramatist and poet William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-on-Avon, and on April 23rd 1616, he died. It is impossible to be certain the exact day on which he was born, but church records show that he was baptised on April 26, and three days was a customary amount of time to wait before baptising a newborn.

Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, who was eight years his senior and pregnant, and they had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Nothing is known of the period between the birth of the twins and Shakespeare’s emergence as a playwright in London in the early 1590s, but unfounded stories have him stealing deer, joining a group of travelling players, becoming a schoolteacher, or serving as a soldier in the Low Countries.

Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later known as the King’s Men. The company grew into England’s finest, in no small part because of Shakespeare, who was its principal dramatist. It also had the finest actor of the day, Richard Burbage, and the best theatre, the Globe, which was located on the Thames’ south bank. Shakespeare stayed with the King’s Men until his retirement and often acted in small parts.

Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights.

He retired to Stratford in 1610, where he wrote his last plays, including The Tempest (1611) and The Winter’s Tale (1610-11). Meanwhile, he had written more than 100 sonnets, which were published in 1609. Although pirated versions of Titus Andronicus, Romeo and Juliet and some other plays were published during Shakespeare’s lifetime, no definitive collection of his works was published until after his death. In 1623, two members of Shakespeare’s troupe collected the plays and printed what is now called the First Folio (1623).

Today, nearly 400 years later, his plays are performed and read more often and in more nations than ever before. In a million words written over 20 years, he captured the full range of human emotions and conflicts with a precision that remains sharp today. As his great contemporary the poet and dramatist Ben Jonson said, “He was not of an age, but for all time.”

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Discussion

6 thoughts on “April 23 1564 and 1616 Birth and Death of William Shakespeare

  1. Hi Craig, I always learn something new from your daily post. I didn’t know that Shakespeare was born and died on the same day of the year!

    Posted by Naomi Baltuck | April 23, 2012, 01:33
  2. Didn’t know that .. neither.Destiny or faith???? Sure there is many people out there you where born and died on the same day. Interesting …

    Posted by viveka | April 23, 2012, 05:15
  3. No doubt it has something to do with the time period’s English, but I much preferred reading your post than reading Shakespeare’s works. In middle school I couldn’t make heads nor tales of Romeo and Juliet. Great post!

    Posted by J. G. Burdette | April 23, 2012, 06:24
  4. I think he was an Objectivism before Objectivism even existed: “You take my life when you take the means whereby I live.” ~ WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, The Merchant of Venice | “Just as man can’t exist without his body, so no rights can exist without the right to translate one’s rights into reality, to think, to work and keep the results, which means: the right of property.” ~ Ayn Rand

    I would have loved the opportunity to have a beer or two with old Will just to see his mind operating.

    Best. –Rick

    Posted by --Rick | April 23, 2012, 08:52
  5. Reblogged this on China Daily Mail.

    Posted by Craig Hill | April 23, 2012, 10:00
  6. Hmnn…while it’s true that reading Shakespeare’s Elizabethan English is challenging for today’s readers, it’s much less so than reading the ancient Greeks who are as much of our heritage as old Will. Skatespeare’s stature rests on both what he said and how he said it; to receive both we have to deal with the archaic language, but is’s cheap at that price, seems to me. A modern student in middle school too often can’t hack today’s English let alone Skakespeare’s, a problem that lays more with teachers than with students, in my view.

    A nice, informative and humanizing evocation of an icon being tossed out now…I like his bequest to his wife of his second best bed, if my English Lit. prof wasn’t lying to us…

    Posted by jackcurtis | May 22, 2012, 08:11

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