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October 1 1949 Mao Zedong proclaims People’s Republic of China

Mao Zedong proclaims People’s Republic of China

On October 1st 1949, naming himself head of state, communist revolutionary Mao Zedong officially proclaimed the existence of the People’s Republic of China; Zhou Enlai was named premier.

The proclamation was the climax of years of battle between Mao’s communist forces and the regime of Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek, who had been supported with money and arms from the American government.

The loss of China, the largest nation in Asia, to communism was a severe blow to the United States, which was still reeling from the Soviet Union’s detonation of a nuclear device one month earlier.

State Department officials in President Harry S. Truman‘s administration tried to prepare the American public for the worst when they released a “white paper” in August 1949.

The report argued that Chiang’s regime was so corrupt, inefficient, and unpopular that no amount of U.S. aid could save it.

Nevertheless, the communist victory in China brought forth a wave of criticism from Republicans who charged that the Truman administration lost China through gross mishandling of the situation.

Other Republicans, notably Senator Joseph McCarthy, went further, claiming that the State Department had gone “soft” on communism; more recklessly, McCarthy suggested that there were procommunist sympathisers in the department.

The United States withheld recognition from the new communist government in China.

The outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, during which communist Chinese and U.S. forces did battle, drove an even deeper wedge between the two nations.

In the ensuing years, continued U.S. support of Chiang’s Republic of China, which had been established on the island of Taiwan, and the refusal to seat the People’s Republic of China at the United Nations made diplomatic relations impossible.

President Richard Nixon broke the impasse with his stunning visit to communist China in February 1972. The United States extended formal diplomatic recognition in 1979.

This Day In History

About Craig Hill

Social Justice Campaigner. Business and Education Consultant. Former Business/ESL Teacher. Lived in China and USA. Dealing with disability. My articles have been cited in New York Times, BBC, Fox News, Aljazeera, Philippines Star, South China Morning Post, National Interest, news.com.au, Wikipedia and many other international publications.


4 thoughts on “October 1 1949 Mao Zedong proclaims People’s Republic of China

  1. Mao is one the greatest leaders in History. Most leaders start with nice idelogies, but they end to be massive dictators. Only Dictators build civilizations.
    I believe Mao harmed Chaina more that giving benefit to his people.

    Posted by jabr1950 | October 1, 2012, 02:25
  2. I have his little red .. in Norwegain. I stole it from the seaman club in -Shanghai in 1979 – they didn’t have it in Swedish … with risk of ending up in prison. The most dangerous thing I ever done in my life.

    Posted by viveka | October 1, 2012, 05:20
  3. Reblogged this on China Daily Mail.

    Posted by China Daily Mail | October 1, 2012, 10:01

  4. The Who – Won’t Get Fooled Again

    Posted by pdlyons | October 1, 2012, 19:21

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