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Daily History

August 12 1939 The Wizard of Oz premieres in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin

On August 12th 1939, The Wizard of Oz, starring Judy Garland and featuring words and music by E.Y. “Yip” Harburg and Harold Arlen, received its world premiere in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin.

The beloved characters and familiar plot points were mostly all there in the original children’s book, from the Kansas farm girl in shiny slippers transported to Munchkin land by a terrible tornado, to the wicked witch, the brainless scarecrow, the heartless tin woodsman and the cowardly lion she encounters once she gets there.

But what’s missing, of course, from Frank Baum’s bestselling novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, is the music that helped make those characters so beloved and those plot points so familiar. First published in 1900, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was adapted numerous times for the stage and screen and even set to music prior to 1939.

It was that year’s film adaptation, however, that earned Baum’s work a permanent place not only in cinema history, but also in music history.

Lyricist Yip Harburg and composer Harold Arlen were both seasoned songwriting professionals before teaming up in 1938 to write the original songs for The Wizard of Oz, though they had worked together very little. Harburg’s best-known credits to date were “Brother, Can You Spare A Dime?” (1931) and “It’s Only A Paper Moon” (1933), and Arlen’s were “Get Happy” (1929) and “Stormy Weather” (1933).

Their first collaboration was on the Broadway musical Hooray For What! (1937), which yielded the now-standard “Down With Love.” The success of The Wizard of Oz, however, would quickly overshadow those earlier accomplishments.

Not only did Judy Garland’s signature song, “Over The Rainbow,” earn Harold Arlen and Yip Harburg the Oscar for Best Song at the 1940 Academy Awards, but it quickly became an indispensable standard in the American Songbook, later being acknowledged as the #1 song on the “Songs of the Century” list compiled in 2001 by the Recording Industry Association of America and the National Endowment for the Arts.

First and foremost, however, Arlen and Harburg’s songs accomplished their primary goal with flying colors, carrying and deepening the emotional impact of the story in the film for which they were written. As innovative and impressive as the production values of The Wizard of Oz were in 1939, it is impossible to imagine the film earning the place it has in the popular imagination without songs like “The Lollipop Guild,” “If I Only Had A Brain” and “We’re Off To See The Wizard.”

This Day In History

About Craig Hill

Social Justice Campaigner. Business and Education Consultant. Former Business/ESL Teacher. Lived in China and USA. Dealing with disability. My articles have been cited in New York Times, BBC, Fox News, Aljazeera, Philippines Star, South China Morning Post, National Interest, news.com.au, Wikipedia and many other international publications.


4 thoughts on “August 12 1939 The Wizard of Oz premieres in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin

  1. I didn’t know Wisconsin was chosen for the premiere. Very interesting.

    Posted by surroundedbyimbeciles | August 12, 2012, 01:57
  2. This movie scared me as a child and I tried to watch it as adult, but I still don’t like it … damage for life maybe. *smile
    Love the song and I sing it very often .. here at home. For my ears only!

    Posted by viveka | August 12, 2012, 03:38
  3. Having been shot entirely on sets, it was the standard against which all movies are judged. It is truly the most wonderful movie ever produced in my opinion… Thanks for the reminder. I think I’ll watch it now… on DVD. Who would have imagined that when it was filmed.

    Posted by Mustang.Koji | August 12, 2012, 06:55
  4. Good point about the music – it’d be hard to imagine Oz without it. It’s like whenever I re-read ‘Journey To The Centre Of The Earth’ and can’t help but hear either Pat Boone crooning 50s pop songs or Rick Wakeman performing his concept album based on the story. Inevitably ‘The Wizard Of Oz’ will be remade and presumably be without its signature score – perhaps instead having to rely on terabytes of CGI to give it an altogether different character.

    Posted by benjjordan | August 12, 2012, 17:54

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