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Daily History

July 25 1978 World’s first “test tube baby” born


On this day in 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world’s first baby to be conceived via in vitro fertilisation (IVF) is born at Oldham and District General Hospital in Manchester, England, to parents Lesley and Peter Brown. The healthy baby was delivered shortly before midnight by caesarean section and weighed in at five pounds, 12 ounces.

Before giving birth to Louise, Lesley Brown had suffered years of infertility due to blocked fallopian tubes. In November 1977, she underwent the then-experimental IVF procedure. A mature egg was removed from one of her ovaries and combined in a laboratory dish with her husband’s sperm to form an embryo.

The embryo then was implanted into her uterus a few days later. Her IVF doctors, British gynaecologist Patrick Steptoe and scientist Robert Edwards, had begun their pioneering collaboration a decade earlier. Once the media learned of the pregnancy, the Browns faced intense public scrutiny. Louise’s birth made headlines around the world and raised various legal and ethical questions.

The Browns had a second daughter, Natalie, several years later, also through IVF. In May 1999, Natalie became the first IVF baby to give birth to a child of her own. The child’s conception was natural, easing some concerns that female IVF babies would be unable to get pregnant naturally.

In December 2006, Louise Brown, the original “test tube baby,” gave birth to a boy, Cameron John Mullinder, who also was conceived naturally.

Today, IVF is considered a mainstream medical treatment for infertility. Hundreds of thousands of children around the world have been conceived through the procedure, in some cases with donor eggs and sperm.

This Day In History

About Craig Hill

Teacher and Writer. Writing has been cited in New York Times, BBC, Fox News, Aljazeera, Philippines Star, South China Morning Post, National Interest, news.com.au, Wikipedia and others.

Discussion

4 thoughts on “July 25 1978 World’s first “test tube baby” born

  1. “Oh brave new world…..” regards Supernova.

    Posted by supernova | July 25, 2012, 07:22
  2. Still remember the newspaper headlines the next day. Thanks for sharing and remembering this great achievement in medical science!

    Posted by Manoj Nair | July 25, 2012, 12:01
  3. we live in a world that’s beyond imagination! – love the photo.

    Posted by May | July 26, 2012, 00:52
  4. Hard to believe that was 34 years ago.

    Posted by Russel Ray Photos | August 1, 2012, 12:02

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